What is Beryl?


Beryl is a mineral that comes in various colors and is often found in Colombia, Brazil, and Russia. It’s primarily used as a gemstone and is popular for its range of colors including green, blue, and yellow.

Beryl is a versatile gemstone that comes in a range of colors including green, blue, and yellow. Its unique appearance and color make it a popular choice for jewelry and decorative items, especially beads and pendants.

Gemstone Properties

Chemical ClassificationInorganic - Silicate (Beryl)
ColorVaries by type: emerald (green), aquamarine (blue), morganite (pink), heliodor (yellow), and others.
TransparencyTypically transparent to translucent.
OccurrenceBrazil, Colombia (especially for emeralds), and Madagascar.
FormationBeryl typically forms in pegmatites and certain metamorphic rocks.
CleavagePerfect in one direction
Mohs Hardness7.5 - 8.
Specific GravityApproximately 2.63 - 2.91.
Diagnostic PropertiesHexagonal crystals, various colors.
Chemical CompositionBe3Al2(SiO3)6
PleochroismWeak to distinct, depending on the variety.
Crystal SystemHexagonal
Optical PropertiesBiaxial (-)
Refractive Index1.577 - 1.583
2V angleMeasured: 58° to 63°