What is Citrine?


Citrine is a variety of quartz that ranges from pale yellow to brownish orange in color. It’s primarily found in Brazil, but it can also be sourced from other countries including Russia and Madagascar. Citrine is often used as a gemstone and is a popular choice for jewelry due to its beautiful colors and spiritual significance.

Citrine is a yellow to brownish-orange variety of quartz. Its warm colors and lustrous appearance make it a popular choice for jewelry and decorative items. It’s often used in necklaces, bracelets, and earrings, and is sometimes used to make beads.

Gemstone Properties

Chemical ClassificationInorganic - Silicate (Quartz)
ColorMetallic gray to black.
LusterMetallic to submetallic.
OccurrenceBrazil, Australia, and India.
FormationHematite forms in various environments, including sedimentary, metamorphic, and igneous rocks. It's often found in banded iron formations.
Mohs Hardness5 to 6.
Specific Gravity5.26 (can be higher in some cases due to impurities).
Diagnostic PropertiesYellow to golden color, a variety of quartz.
Chemical CompositionSiO2
PleochroismNot observed in hematite.
Crystal SystemHexagonal (variety of Quartz)
Optical PropertiesUniaxial (+)
Refractive Index1.544 - 1.553
2V angleNot applicable (isometric)
DispersionNot typically noted for hematite as it's not a key feature of this stone.