What is Diamond?


Diamond is a form of carbon in which the carbon atoms are arranged in a crystal lattice structure. It’s primarily found in various parts of the world including Russia, Botswana, and Australia. Diamond is often used as a gemstone and is popular for its unique hardness and brilliant sparkle.

Diamond is a precious gemstone that comes in a variety of colors, although the most popular is colorless. Its unique hardness and brilliance make it a popular choice for engagement rings and other high-end jewelry.

Gemstone Properties

Chemical ClassificationInorganic - Carbon (Diamond)
ColorWhile diamonds are most commonly thought of as colorless, they can come in a range of colors, including yellow, blue, green, and even black.
OccurrenceRussia, Botswana, and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
FormationDiamonds form deep within the Earth's mantle under extreme heat and pressure and are brought to the surface by volcanic eruptions.
Mohs Hardness10
Specific Gravity3.52.
Diagnostic PropertiesExceptional hardness, high refractive index.
Chemical CompositionC
Crystal SystemIsometric/Cubic
Optical PropertiesIsotropic
Refractive Index2.417
BirefringenceNone (isotropic)
2V angleNot applicable (isometric)