What is Emerald?


Emerald is a green variety of beryl that is colored by trace amounts of chromium and sometimes vanadium. It’s primarily found in Colombia, Brazil, and Zambia. Emerald has been used for centuries as a gemstone and is a popular choice for jewelry due to its vibrant green color and spiritual significance.

Emerald is a green gemstone that belongs to the beryl family. Its vibrant color and lustrous appearance make it a popular choice for jewelry and decorative items. The stone is often used in rings, necklaces, and pendants, and is sometimes used to make beads.

Gemstone Properties

Chemical ClassificationInorganic - Silicate (Beryl)
ColorRanges from light green to a deep, rich green.
TransparencyTransparent to opaque, depending on the quality and inclusions.
OccurrenceColombia, Zambia, and Brazil.
FormationTypically found in metamorphic rocks, especially mica schist and shale.
Mohs Hardness7.5-8.
Specific GravityApproximately 2.70 to 2.78.
Diagnostic PropertiesGreen color, a variety of beryl.
Chemical CompositionBe3Al2(SiO3)6
PleochroismDichroic, typically green to bluish-green.
Crystal SystemHexagonal (variety of Beryl)
Optical PropertiesBiaxial (-)
Refractive Index1.577 - 1.583
2V angleMeasured: 58° to 63°