What is Hematite?


Hematite is an iron oxide mineral that is known for its metallic luster and varying shades of black and steel to silver-grey. It’s primarily found in Brazil, Venezuela, and Canada. Hematite has been used for centuries for both decorative and functional purposes, including in jewelry and as a pigment.

Hematite is a metallic grey mineral that is highly valued for its reflective surface and its ability to be magnetized. It’s often used in jewelry and has been used historically as a pigment in paints. Its metallic luster and reflective qualities make it a popular choice for mirrors and other decorative items.

Gemstone Properties

Chemical ClassificationInorganic - Oxide
ColorRanges from pale yellow to brownish-orange.
OccurrenceBrazil, Madagascar, and Russia.
FormationTypically found in hydrothermal veins and pegmatites.
Mohs Hardness7
Specific GravityApproximately 2.65.
Diagnostic PropertiesMetallic or earthy luster, red streak.
Chemical CompositionFe2O3
Crystal SystemTrigonal
Optical PropertiesUniaxial (-)
Refractive Index2.940 - 3.220
BirefringenceNone (isotropic)
2V angleNot applicable (isometric)
Dispersion0.013 (similar to other quartz varieties).