What is Malachite?


Malachite is a copper carbonate hydroxide mineral known for its vibrant green color and intricate patterns. The stone is often banded in appearance, creating unique swirls and patterns that make each piece distinct. Malachite is primarily found in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Zambia, and Russia. It has been used for thousands of years in various forms, from jewelry to pigments for paint.

Malachite is a striking green mineral known for its unique banded patterns and rich, vibrant color. It’s a copper carbonate mineral and is often used in jewelry and decorative items. Its unique appearance and historical significance have made it a popular choice for gemstone enthusiasts and collectors alike.

Gemstone Properties

Chemical ClassificationInorganic - Carbonate
ColorVibrant green with banded patterns.
LusterSilky to vitreous.
OccurrenceDemocratic Republic of Congo, Russia, and Zambia.
FormationTypically found in the oxidizing zones of copper deposits.
CleavagePerfect in one direction
Mohs Hardness3.5-4.
Specific GravityApproximately 3.6 to 4.0.
Diagnostic PropertiesBright green color with banding.
Chemical CompositionCu2CO3(OH)2
PleochroismNone, as it's opaque.
Crystal SystemMonoclinic
Optical PropertiesBiaxial (-)
Refractive Index1.655 - 1.909
2V angleMeasured: 68°
DispersionNot typically relevant for opaque stones like malachite.