What is Variscite?


Variscite is a hydrated aluminum phosphate mineral, often found in the United States, Australia, and Germany. It’s primarily used as a gemstone and is popular for its green color, often resembling turquoise.

Variscite is a unique gemstone that comes in shades of green, often resembling turquoise. Its unique appearance and color make it a popular choice for jewelry and decorative items, especially beads and pendants.

Gemstone Properties

Chemical ClassificationInorganic - Phosphate
ColorVariscite is typically green, ranging from light mint green to darker emerald shades.
LusterWaxy to vitreous.
OccurrenceUnited States (especially Utah), Australia, and Germany.
FormationVariscite forms in near-surface clay deposits through the process of oxidation.
DiaphaneityTranslucent to opaque
Mohs Hardness3.5 to 4.5.
Specific Gravity2.57.
Diagnostic PropertiesGreen, often confused with turquoise.
Chemical CompositionAlPO4·2H2O
Crystal SystemOrthorhombic
Optical PropertiesBiaxial (+)
Refractive Index1.563 - 1.590
2V angleMeasured: 58° to 63°
DispersionNot notably high.